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Review of the Week (26th – 30th June)

US travel ban

The Supreme Court has decided to reinstate much of the travel ban submitted by the Trump administration. The court will decide in October if the ruling will be upheld or struck down. Meanwhile the ban partly takes effect within 72 hours of the decision. The ban is surrounded by a lot of uncertainty regarding its impact because a lot depends on how federal agencies will interpret the regulations.

The travel ban temporarily imposes tough restrictions on travel from six Muslim countries – Iran, Sudan, Syria, Libya, Somalia and Yemen. While president Trump hailed the decision as a victory for national safety, immigrant aid organisations all over the country have condemned the travel ban. Lavinia Limon, president of the US Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, says that it will hurt a lot of people who try to flee their war torn country.

It is yet unclear how many people will be affected by the travel ban. The partial ban does not apply to people who can produce a credible claim such as a family member, an employer or a proof of an course at an education institute they want to attend. Furthermore, travellers, people with a green card or a visa won´t be affected too much by the ban as they mostly have such a connection. But it seems to be different for refugees as much depends on how this claim is interpreted.

to reinstate (ˌri:ɪnˈsteɪt) – etw wieder einsetzen

travel ban (ˈtrævəl bæn) – das Einreiseverbot, der Einreisestopp

to submit (səbˈmɪt) – etw einreichen, vorlegen

to uphold (ʌpˈhəʊld) – etw aufrecht erhalten

to strike down (straɪk daʊn) – etw niederschlagen, hier: abschaffen

meanwhile (ˌmi:nˈ(h)waɪl) – währenddessen, inzwischen

to surround (səˈraʊnd) – jdn/etw umgeben

uncertainty (ʌnˈsɜ:tənti) – die Unsicherheit, die Unbeständigkeit

to depend (dɪˈpend) – von etw abhängen

to impose (ɪmˈpəʊz) – etw durchsetzen, verhängen

to hail (heɪl) – etw bejubeln, etw begrüßen

immigrant aid organisation (ˈɪmɪgrənt eɪd ɔrganizaˈtsi̯o:n) – die Hilfsorganisation für Flüchtlinge

condemn (kənˈdem) – jdn/etw verurteilen

war torn (wɔ:ʳ-tɔ:n) – vom Krieg zerrüttet

partial (ˈpɑ:ʃəl) – teilweise, zum Teil

to apply (əˈplaɪ) – jdn/etw betreffen, gelten

credible (ˈkredəbl̩) – glaubwürdig, glaubhaft

claim (kleɪm) – der Anspruch, das Anrecht

to attend (əˈtend) – etw besuchen, teilnehmen

Google fined for abusing its power

Google has been fined for abusing its power by promoting its own Shopping comparison service at the top of the search results. They have been ordered to pay a fee of 2.42bn euros by the European Commission.  This is , to date,the largest penalty against a company  given by the regulator. It further ordered Google to end their anti-competitive practices within 90 days. The US firm says they might appeal.

The commission leaves it up to the company to decide which alterations to make instead of giving clear instructions. The European Commission has been investigating Google since 2010 after similar complaints were made about the prominence Google gives to its own maps, flight results and other services. However, Google does not accept the claims.

A recent study suggests that Shopping amounts of 74% of all retail-related ads. Google`s own data on the other hand indicates that the numbers are smaller. Right now the way Google prioritises some of its commercial services generates a lot of money. If they, however, fail to change their way of promoting their own services they will face another fee that would cost them far more.

to fine (faɪn) – die Geldstrafe, das Bußgeld

to abuse (əˈbju:s) – etwas missbrauchen, ausnutzen

to promote (prəˈməʊt) – etw werben, etw fördern

fee (fi:) ) – die Gebühr

penalty (ˈpenəlti) – die Strafe, das Strafmaß

regulator (ˈregjəleɪtəʳ) – die Aufsicht führende Person, der Regulator

further (ˈfɜ:ðəʳ) – weiter, neuerlich, ferner

appeal (əˈpi:l) – hier: Einspruch einlegen

alteration (ˌɔ:ltəˈreɪʃən) – die Änderung

instead (ɪnˈsted) – anstatt, stattdessen

similar (ˈsɪmɪləʳ) – ähnlich

complaint (kəmˈpleɪnt) – die Beschwerde, die Klage

prominence (ˈprɒmɪnən(t)s) – die Bedeutung, der Vorzug

recent (ˈri:sənt) – kürzlich

to suggest (səˈʤest) – etw vorschlagen

amount (əˈmaʊnt) – die Menge

to indicate (ˈɪndɪkeɪt) – etw andeuten, etw zeigen

to prioritise (praɪˈɒrɪtaɪz) – etw bevorzugen, in den Vordergrund rücken

commercial (kəˈmɜ:ʃəl) – kaufmännisch, gewerblich

to generate (ˈʤenəreɪt) – etw erzeugen, etw generieren

Vatican treasurer accused of sex offense

The Vatican treasurer, Cardinal George Pell, denies all allegations regarding sex offense made against him. He has been charged in his native country of Australia. The pope has granted him a leave of absence to fight the charges. The cardinal is considered to be the third highest ranking official of the catholic church and he will travel to Australia to appear in court in the middle of July. The allegations were made by multiple people but the cardinal vehemently denies them.

This is not the first time the Catholic Church has faced allegations relating to sex abuse. Furthermore, there are claims that incidents have been covered up by the church in the past. After his election in 2013, Pope Francis created a commission to deal with the allegations. And now one of his closest advisers faces charges of his own.

In answer to the charge against Pell, the pope says he trusts in the Australian justice system but he also came to the aid of his treasurer saying that Pell has co-operated with Australian authorities and that he has always supported the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors. Pell was questioned last year and now a magistrate will decide whether to release the details and the nature of the charges.

treasurer (ˈtreʒərəʳ) – der Schatzmeister

to deny (dɪˈnaɪ) – etw abstreiten

offense (əˈfen(t)s) – die Straftat, das Vergehen

to charge (tʃɑ:ʤ) – hier: die Anklage

native (ˈneɪtɪv) – Heimatland

pope (pəʊp) – der Papst

to grant (grɑ:nt) – jdm etw bewilligen, etw gewähren

leave of absence (li:v ɒv ˈæbsən(t)s) – die Beurlaubung, die Freistellung

to consider (kənˈsɪdəʳ) – als etw gelten, jdn für etw halten

to appear (əˈpɪəʳ) – erscheinen, sich zeigen

vehemently (ˈvi:əməntli) – vehement, heftig

abuse (əˈbju:s) – der Missbrauch

incident (ˈɪn(t)sɪdənt) – der Vorfall, das Ereignis

to cover up (ˈkʌvəʳ ʌp) – etw verschleiern, vertuschen

commission (kəˈmɪʃən) – der Auftrag, hier: der Ausschuss

adviser (ədˈvzəʳ) – der Berater, der Ratgeber

aid (eɪd) – die Hilfe, die Unterstützung

pontifical (pɒnˈtɪfɪkəl) – päpstlich

minor (ˈmnəʳ) – hier: der/die Minderjährige

to release (rɪˈli:s) – etw veröffentlichen

nature (ˈnəʳ) – hier: die Art, die Beschaffenheit