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Grammar

Mythen Englischkurse von Leipzig Englisch

CLASSROOM MYTHS

Mythen über das Lernen und Lehren der englischen Sprache Ich bin ein großer Fan von Mythen - das sind Geschichten, die wir uns selbst und einander erzählen, die in Wirklichkeit nicht auf wahren Fakten beruhen. In diesem Artikel werde ich 4 Mythen auseinandernehmen, die weit verbreitet sind in der Welt von Englisch als Fremdsprache (EFL – English as a foreign language). Diese Mythen werden häufig …

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Present Perfect

"We have just bought a new car." The present perfect expresses actions which happen in the past but have a result in the present and generally don't happen regularly. It is translated into the German tenses "Perfekt" or "Präteritum". The present perfect is often indicated by "just"(= gerade), "already"(= schon -> only in sentences) or "yet" (= noch nicht -> only with negations, schon -> …

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Present Perfect Continuous

"It has been raining all day." The present perfect continuous is used for actions that start in the past and continue or are still happening in the present. It is often indicated by "for"/"since" (= seit), "the whole day"/"all day" (= den ganzen Tag). It doesn't exist in German but is there often used like the simple present. Formation: subject + auxiliary "have/has" (+ not) …

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Past Perfect

"They had talked to the teacher... ...before they went home." The past perfect is equivalent to the German "Plusquamperfekt". It is used to express and differ between older and younger actions so if there is an action and another action, which happened before, is supposed to be described, the older action has to be expressed in the past perfect while the younger action can be …

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Past Perfect Continuous

"They had not been talking for three days until she called him." The past perfect continuous describes an action in the past which lies ahead of a younger action in the past and is used to empathize the duration of the action. Typical indication words for the past perfect continuous can be "for/since" and "the whole day/all day". However the past perfect continuous does not …

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Future Perfect Simple

"They will have returned in a few minutes." The future perfect simple is equivalent to the German tense "Futur II" and describes actions which start in the present and will be completed at a certain point in the future. It can be indicated by "by then" (= bis dahin) for example. Formation: subject + auxiliary "will"/"won't" + infinite form of "have" + past participle (-> …

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Future Perfect Continuous

"She will have been waiting for two hours when we arrive." The future perfect continuous empathizes the duration of an action and is used for actions in the future that will be finished at a specific time. Like every other continuous tense, it doesn't exist in German. Formation: subject + auxiliary "will"/"won't" + infinite present form of "have" + past participle of "be" (been) + …

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Simple Present

English Grammar - Present Simple "The bus arrives at 7.30." "I have a cold." The simple present is the English equivalent to the German "Präsens" and is used to express conditions as well as actions in the present, which take place regularly or are repetetive, generally valid or fixed (like schedules or timetables). Indication words for the simple present are for example "usually", "every day", …

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