Present Perfect

"We have just bought a new car." The present perfect expresses actions which happen in the past but have a result in the present and generally don't happen regularly. It is translated into the German tenses "Perfekt" or "Präteritum". The present perfect is often indicated by "just"(= gerade), "already"(= schon -> only in sentences) or …

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Past Perfect

"They had talked to the teacher... ...before they went home." The past perfect is equivalent to the German "Plusquamperfekt". It is used to express and differ between older and younger actions so if there is an action and another action, which happened before, is supposed to be described, the older action has to be expressed …

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Conditional I

"If it wasn't raining, she wouldn't need an umbrella." The conditional I is used to express possibilities, typical behaviors in the past and for indirect speech. It is also often used in the so called if - clauses. Formation: subject + "would"* (+ not) + infinite verb Examples: We would leave now. If it wasn't …

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Simple Present

English Grammar - Present Simple "The bus arrives at 7.30." "I have a cold." The simple present is the English equivalent to the German "Präsens" and is used to express conditions as well as actions in the present, which take place regularly or are repetetive, generally valid or fixed (like schedules or timetables). Indication words …

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